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Fluid Journal : Fall 2011
7 The Fluid Journal Fall 2011 Dr. Tindall is senior agronomist at J.R. Simplot Company, Boise, Idaho. who have traveled to Asia, India, the Philippines, and parts of Africa, these numbers speak volumes in areas where higher resource inputs are required to sustain the needs of the ever-increasing populations and a hungry world. Even conservative estimates acknowledge that more being produced on limited arable land will have to be accomplished to meet world demands. Distribution of resources from one location to another will be a part of this, but that alone is not enough. Many from FAO have estimated that a combination of improvements needs to be used to address these concerns. They could include: • Producing more on land already in production • Open up larger tracks of land that are not currently being accessed • Improve water delivery programs to marginal lands to increase production capacity. But increasing arable land is not that simple. Accessing that which is available within South America or Africa has problems. Infrastructure in both locations is not in place and to develop it could be a political challenge as well as an environmental hurdle that could stand in the way of this process. However, China is developing an urbanization plan that involves moving smaller villagers into more concentrated cities while at the same time moving forward to develop this resource of available land to improve food security. While these policies may seem harsh, they can be effective. They would be harder to implement in other areas of the world. The ultimate and recognizable solution rests in the ability to produce more healthier plants on less land than we have been able to accomplish in the past. Estimates show that 30 percent of cereal production worldwide can be attributed to inorganic fertilizer inputs. Nitrogen alone has increased small grains by over 20 percent. Since the mid 1960s, 50 to 75 percent of the crop yield increases in Asia have been attributed to inorganic fertilizers in combination with local supplies of organic matter such as manure. By withholding N, corn production in the U.S. dropped an estimated 40 percent. Rice production fell almost 30 percent. Small wonder, then, that FAO embraces the use of inorganic fertilizer as an essential part of food security and feeding of the world’s burgeoning societies. One can only listen in amazement as there are those who disparage the use of inorganic fertilizers as one of the causes of droughts and low yields in many parts of the world. The facts show otherwise. In long- term studies that have been conducted at several locations around the world, inorganic fertilizer combinations of NPK have increased yields between 50 to 80 percent. Such compelling responses can be implemented immediately on cropping systems of both small- and large- scale farmers anywhere. This includes many traditional areas as well as those lands that are being expanded more under increasingly intense production management strategies. It is not just the NPK inputs that will be responsible for production increases, but a combination that will include secondary and in most cases essential micronutrients. Sustainability The Fluid Fertilizer Foundation supports the 4Rs of nutrient stewardship being promoted by several fertilizer organizations. Within the context is the right form of fertilizer. In many instance the right form may very well be an “enhanced efficiency” fertilizer. While not all are available in every area, many are. Research has been initiated in several emerging nations to take a closer look at how these types of enhanced fertilizers may create a more efficient delivery system that would have long-term benefits for improving development in traditional inorganic fertilizers. Enhanced efficiency fertilizers are available for both nitrogen and phosphorus. Combination counts. Organic matter is also an essential component to productivity, and science supports this. To continue to improve food sustainability, a combination of organic matter management with inorganic fertilizer inputs creates an environment where long-term productivity can take place. These improvements in production allow food security to become a reality at a time and place where an ever-increasing population depends on what can be produced. 2012 FLUID FORUM February 19-21, 2012 Scottsdale Plaza Resort Scottsdale, AZ Sponsored by Fluid Fertilizer Foundation The Forum program always provides cutting edge topics of broad interest as well as repor ts on all Foundation research projects. Come and get the edge on the competition with new information that can be directly applied to the marketing of your products! The FLUID FORUM is THE LATE WINTER GATHERING for leaders in the fluid industry with a program FOCUSED ON FLUIDS and their efficient and profitable use. It is a great opportunity to network with internationally recognized researchers, manufacturers, distributors and dealers. The Premiere National Educational Meeting of the Fertilizer Industry Call 785-776-0273 or email fluidfer firstname.lastname@example.org