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Fluid Journal : Fluid Journal 2008-2009
Derek A. Palgrave !"#$%&' !"#$%&'()*+,-&'(*"(./0(1'+%2(10,.%'%30,(1*+-2&.%*- !"#$%! !"##$%&&' ()#*$+,$-)*$./$01123$455 Though there is some evidence of the use of sprayable fertilizers during the nineteenth century, this did not come into its own and become a general practice in Britain until after World War II. For a century or so there had been considerable efforts within the gas and coke industry to dispose of its ammoniacal effluent by spraying it on agricultural land. However, it was not until the 1950s when the British Government, recognizing its value as a source of nitrogen (N), offered a subsidy to encourage farmers to take advantage of its nutrient content. By the late 1950s, some contractors were adding phosphate and potash to gasworks liquids to provide a full range of plant nutrients in a sprayable form. Though there remained concerns about possible toxic components quite apart from its low nutrient content and limited availability in major agricultural areas, it did not go unnoticed that by 1957 fluid fertilizers had already caught on and become commercially available in the United States, capturing a significant and growing percentage of the fertilizer market. Moving beyond infancy Meanwhile, J.W. Chafer Ltd, a British manufacturer of agricultural spray equipment since 1901, had developed by the early ‘60s a system of marketing agrochemicals by offering, on favorable terms, equipment to farmers who purchased our pesticides. With an existing network of sales and servicing depots throughout the major farming areas of the United Kingdom, our organization was well situated to market and distribute fluid fertilizers. Having no manufacturing facilities we had to rely on external suppliers often situated some distance from our depots. To accommodate this situation we supplied each of our depots with buffer storage tanks. To meet demand at the season’s !"#$%&!'()$"$*'(+,&-.&/'0(+&123&45&6($)0$5 !"#$%&'()*"+,$*'-&'%*-&'&,,$./"+01%$2+*3,$%"$4/*%*,1$(0/*)+5%+/&$"-&/$($6&/*"3$"7$%1/&&$3&)(3&,8 Summary: Our story begins in the late 1950s when we were seeing the first forms of sprayable fertilizers for agricultural lands in Great Britain. It was then J.W. Chafer Ltd. decided to venture forth into an entirely new and challenging technology. It required logistics, imagination, and a willingness to accept new challenges. Ever tenacious, ever inventive, several decades later we had captured 20 percent of the main fertilizer market in Britain and in the most intensive arable farming areas our share often exceeded 40 percent! Read on and you’ll learn some of the details of how we accomplished this.
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