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Fluid Journal : Spring 2018
12 The Fluid Journal Spring 2018 The Fluid Journal • Official Journal of the Fluid Fertilizer Foundation • Spring 2018 • Vol. 26, No. 2, Issue #100 Dr. Julian Smith Summary: Why is all this important to agricultural sustainability? Quality of food in feeding the world is critical to human survival. This involves vitamin, microelement and protein. Water and nutrient efficiency involve crop performance. Water, nutrient efficiency, pharmaceutical work and plastics are equally important to a growing world population. We’ll begin with a brief look at history. We go way back to the Romans and Greeks who brought Pb, S, Hg, and Fe into the world of agriculture. By 1,000 AD, seaweeds appeared in Ireland. N, P, K (manures) appeared on the scene in the 1800s in Rothamsted, England. In late 1800’s Anton de Bary, symbiosis; Carlsberg labs and yeasts in Denmark; and Burgunday/Bordeausx mixes (Cu, S, N, and Ca) in France. In 1909, Haber- Bosch. By 1934, ethylene bis-di metal dithiocarbamates--Mn, Zn. In the 1930’s, green manures via Rothamsted. Moving on to 1937 we see Florida citrus/nitrates and urea (biuret) in Agriform, California. By the late 50’s, we see the first evaluation of absorption T50 times of multiple nutrients and crops at Michigan State University. Urea grain protein began appearing in the plains. Bugs and extracts were part of the Trichoderma spp by the 1970’s. NPK grains, potatoes, beets, and canola began to appear in the United Kingdom in the 1980’s, as did soil microbes (B) and extracts, stimulants, crop protection, P solubilization, humic/ fulvic acids, hormones and novel compounds. Truism. Plants can’t run away so they need to be smart enough to survive in SITU. Genetics ahead: • Drought tolerance • Nutritional Constitution Taste Quality • Nutrient use efficiency • Non-conventional use e.g. B/N, • Zn/Ca, Ni/Zn, SAR, nutrient solubilization, phylloplane/sphere, rhizoplane/sphere, rhizoplane/ sphere (exudates). Nutrition: • Malnutrition now accounts for 45 percent of all deaths of chidrenfor Micronutrient Uptake Sources, Compatibility ▼ DOWNLOAD 45 percent of all death o fchildren under 5 worldwide:2.6 million children lost Medecins Sans frontiers • 30% of world population deficient in iron • anemia, hearing loss (Penn State • in UK, post-operative patients given Guinness Agronomy. Many definitions. For us, let us stay with positive economics of favorable gene expression mediated by our advice and inputs: • Disruptive technologies and strategy for innovation: be very careful and selective • Creating ROI at every level from to dinner plate. Physiology is the science of the function of living systems. • Whole crop • Plant Serious questions need answering regarding feeding the world.